The Depression, War and Divorce                        

John (Jack) Skidmore 1905 -1965                             Valdis Muriel Rogers 1901- 1975

West Bromwich and Coventry

John (Jack) Skidmore was born on January 28th 1905 at 372 Foleshill Rd. Coventry, England. He was the first child of John William Skidmore (1878-1934) a slater and tiler, and Mary Amelia (nee Smith 1878-1952) a dressmaker. Both parents were originally from West Bromwich not far from Birmingham. The Skidmores had a second son, Harold in 1907, who tragically died from measles at age 3, and a third son Leonard born January 1st 1910.

In 1911 Jack’s father, under an assisted passage, migrated to Australia alone, hoping to establish a new home and better life for the family. They were to join him once this had been achieved. In the meantime, in England, Mary and the children moved in with her brother Edwin Smith and his wife Annie, at 63 Bilhay Street in West Bromwich. However, by 1912 Mary decided to borrow the money for the fare from her sister Emma Louisa Thomas, and join Emma and her family in migrating to Australia. In that year these two young families made the long sea voyage to Melbourne. Jack was aged 6 years and apparently was popular with the ship’s crew who kept him supplied with extra goodies for the family.

Arrival in Melbourne and moving about

They arrived in Melbourne where Jack’s father was employed as a slater and tiler by the firm Wunderlich’s. As he had not been able to establish a home for the family, the Skidmores had to share a house with the Thomas family. The two families rented number 72 Mary Street in the suburb of Richmond. However on May 15th 1913, when Jack’s sister Maude was born, as well as a daughter to the Thomas family, the Skidmores knew they needed to move. By January 12th 1915 they were living in Coburg at 9 Rodda Street when their last child Arthur was born. Over the next year they lived at 35 Carters Ave Toorak, where Jack attended the local primary school, and later to 151 Brighton Street Richmond. 

Sydney Road Coburg, looking south from Bell St c1915 when the Skidmores lived there. Source: Picture Victoria

In 1916 the Skidmores were living at Florence St. in the beachside suburb Mentone. They rented a stables and converted it into a home. It had an earthen floor, hessian clad walls and the parents’ room was in the loft. The family of six had their diet supplemented with duckling and duck eggs provided by a well-populated duck pond on the property. Mary took in ironing from the boarding house next door to help the family budget. They stayed there for three years and by 1921 they had moved to Point Nepean Road, Cheltenham where Jack’s father had been able to establish his own tile-works, J. Skidmore and Co.

Mentone Beach c1920.                                                           Source: State Library Victoria

Working life and meeting Valdis

Jack attended school up to the age of 14 years and then joined his father as an apprentice slater and tiler. His brother Leonard worked at the family tile-works also. The Skidmores were experiencing good times and were able to purchase some quality furniture, a horse, cart, a Brougham (buggy), and a piano. However this was not to last and in 1924 the Skidmores were bankrupt, losing all assets including a Phaeton, the horse and wagon, and the piano. By 1925 they were living in Beach Road, Black Rock.

Jack was 5’9” in height with fair hair and grey eyes. He was considered a fashionable dresser and good dancer. He loved cycling and had a reputation for being a good cycling competitor. At a ball Jack met his first wife Valdis Muriel Rogers who was four years his senior. She was an attractive and vivacious young woman from a relatively well-off family. Her parents were Fanny Caroline (nee Mulcahy) and George Vining Rogers, a grain broker. The Rogers lived in another beachside suburb, Edithvale, in Lochiel Avenue. Although not Roman Catholic, Valdis was sent to the Brigidine Convent in Mentone for her education. Here she also learned piano and excelled in commercial studies. The Moorabbin News of January 6th 1917 reported on the Prize List for 1916. Valdis was awarded prizes for bookkeeping, typing and shorthand in the Sub-Junior Division. After leaving school Valdis was a typist in her father’s office.

Valdis was a member of the Aspendale Tennis Club, and in December 1922 was crowned Queen of Flowers for the club’s Queen Carnival. A detailed report in the Frankston and Somerville Standard on December 15th 1922 stated Miss Rogers raised £81 and received 19,440 votes. Her dress was of "white satin charmeuse, with pointed georgette over dress, trimmed with silver beads". Her sisters Denna (Decima) and Zelma were among Valdis’s train bearers. Valdis was also  presented with a "wristlet watch".


Jack and Valdis married at St. Agnes church, Black Rock on December 22nd 1924 when Jack was 19 years old. After marriage Jack and Valdis lived with the Skidmores at 9 Karakatta Street, Black Rock. Five months later a new generation of Skidmores began with the birth of their first child, John Kenneth, in May 1925.

Circumstances seemed to be improving by 1926. The Skidmores moved to Elm Street, Brighton where Jack and Valdis’ next child Renee Valdis was born at home. Skidmore and Co. was operating again with Jack and brother Len continuing to work as tilers with their father. Jack was now able to rent his own house on the Nepean Highway. Fortune continued and both families were able to buy property in Robert Street Bentleigh. Jack and Valdis purchased property number 52, and with his father Jack built their house they called “St. Ives”. The parents purchased number 57 almost opposite. Whilst in Bentleigh, two more children were born, Brian Leonard on December 21st 1928 and Corinne Shirley on March 13th 1930 (Corinne was named after Jack’s favourite actress Corinne Griffiths). An earlier baby, Joan Ailsa born in 1927, died at 6 months of age and was buried in a public grave at Brighton Cemetery in April 1928.

“St. Ives” built by Jack Skidmore and his father at 52 Robert Street Bentleigh, 1980s. Photo: Corinne Hurley

With the 1930s and the Depression, more difficult times were ahead. Jack was temporarily without a job and had lost ownership of his home. Fortunately the agent allowed them to stay on there rent-free for a year or so. By 1934 Jack was working again holding down two jobs, but his family had now grown to six children with the births of Ailsa in 1933 and Desmond in 1934. At this time they were living at 2 Erindale Street, Murrumbeena. Jack’s main job was his own carrying business. He used a horse (kept in a paddock next to the house) and a cart with a leather canopy. He would go down to the docks where he had a contract to load goods to deliver to various factories in Melbourne. One factory was his sister-in-law’s family business Barker and Co. in Richmond. Later he had a van with “J. Skidmore – Carrier” painted on the side. Quite often he would be given extra items of food from his deliveries so the family were treated to fruit and sweets.

World War II

In 1942 Jack, Valdis and the children were living above a shop at 143 Glenferrie Road, Hawthorn. In January of that year at the age of 37, Jack decided to join the Citizens’ Military Force in a non-combat capacity. The CMF was a largely reservists’ militia that served in Australia and New Guinea, later becoming part of the Australian Infantry Forces. It was in August 1943 that Jack formally enlisted in the AIF as a sapper in the Royal Australian Engineers. Most of his service was spent in Townsville, Queensland and in parts of Papua New Guinea working around the air bases at Torokina and Fall River, Milne Bay on Bougainville. He is listed firstly as a “concreter” and later as an “engine hand”. The family say he also grew vegetables for the troops. During this time a fall from a tractor put him in hospital with severe back pain. His army record states that he suffered from fibrositis and malaria whilst away between 1943 and 1944. Meanwhile, Valdis and their youngest three children were living at “Oak Rest”, the Esplanade, Portarlington on the Bellarine Peninsular near Geelong.

One of Jack’s sketches he made whilst in the army.      Source: family collection

Divorce and a new marriage

A rushed marriage, a large family, and the economic depression put Jack and Valdis’s marriage under a lot of pressure. In those days, in order to get a divorce, infidelity had to be proved. It was alleged that Valdis was seeing another man whilst Jack was away. There was also testimony given that Valdis was not looking after the children properly, that they were ill clothed and not attending school as often as they should. It seems that Valdis did not challenge the proceedings, but only expressed that she wanted to keep her youngest child with her. This was not granted.

Whilst away at war, Jack met and fell in love with Dorothy (Dot) Wood, aged 36 from Queensland who was also serving in the army. Before the army Dorothy had been employed as a linen-maid and had worked for Lennon’s Hotel in Brisbane. In April 1945 Jack sent Dorothy a telegram asking her to marry him.

Jack requested a discharge from the army in June 1945, stating his reason for needing to leave the service, as gaining employment as a roof tiler with Evan Bros. of South Melbourne. His discharge was effective on June 13th 1945. On July 7th  Jack and Valdis’s divorce was granted. On the same day, he and Dorothy Wood were married. Until Jack returned to Melbourne from his army service, his two youngest daughters were  able to live with relatives, but his youngest child was sent to a boys’ home. His eldest three children were independent adults by this time.

After the war, Jack settled with his new wife and the younger children at 28 Austin Street Oakleigh. This was a house purchased at a low rate for returned military servicemen. He was subsequently employed by Whitelaw’s Tiling Company and eventually became a supervisor at the firm.

Jack and Dot on camping holidays with trailer and boat. Source: family collection

Jack at home

Jack Skidmore was proud of his English heritage and culture and enjoyed listening to his recordings of English brass bands. He also enjoyed a beer, a smoke, and barracking for England when they played Australia in the cricket, especially when his Australian born siblings would barrack for the home side. Like many of his generation his views and values were very conservative, and what we would now call intolerant, especially when it came to minority groups in society. He also strictly enforced very modest standards of dress for his younger daughters. But this did not mean he lacked a great sense of humour and fun. As a father he was remembered for being full of practical jokes and loved teasing his children and grandchildren. A favourite joke was placing his fake full beer glass amongst real beer glasses on a tray, also turning off all the lights and placing his hairy hand on the light-switch for an unsuspecting child to discover.

Jack loved the outdoor life. The family had occasional picnics and holidays at places such as Rickett’s Point, Hampton, Bunyip River and Port Welshpool. Jack loved the seaside, camping and boating and at one stage he owned a motorbike.  He grew his own vegetables, and was a good carpenter making many items of furniture for his family, his garage being a well set up workshop. Years later, after the War, he designed and built a boat in his backyard. He had to bend the wooden boards in the bathtub to shape them.

By the late 1950s, Jack became very ill with cancer.  After suffering for seven years, he died in a hospital in East Malvern on January 5th 1965, at the age of 59 years. His wife Dorothy never stopped grieving for him. She died 19 years later at the age of 77. 

Grampa's Boat

Jack with the boat he built at home. With him are his son Brian and his niece Dianne. Source: family collection

What happened to Valdis?

Valdis had an attractive personality, always appearing happy and cheerful. She was reported to have had beautiful legs and a lovely figure, and dressed tastefully (her children remember her fox stole that they used to drag around the house as a “pet”). She showed she had a generous nature and a community consciousness. During the war when there was a shortage of teachers, she gave lessons to local child victims of polio. She also served coffee to soldiers as they left for service from the railway station. It seemed she was happier in these roles than dealing with the drudgery of housework.

Valdis was remembered for her playing and singing at the piano. A reluctant housewife, she did however make an effort to spruce up the house when visitors came and loved arranging vases of her home-grown flowers. She had to cope with living a lifestyle that was tougher than what she was brought up to expect, and although times were hard she never asked for, nor expected, any help from her extended family. She had to deal with disapproval from many of her own family for having a rushed marriage, and the disapproval of her mother-in-law for not being the most efficient housekeeper. She then had to undergo the stress and social embarrassment of a very unpleasant divorce (divorce not common in those days) and the terrible sadness of losing contact with her children. She did not challenge the divorce, but when she requested keeping her youngest child, the court refused her, stating she was not fit to be a mother.

It is not known exactly where Valdis lived immediately after 1945. Some anecdotal evidence says she lived at Wangaratta and worked serving tea at the railway station, but no factual evidence of this has been found. By the early 1970s, Valdis came to South Australia and was living in Blackwood, a suburb in the foothills of Adelaide. She lived in Brigalow Avenue with her partner Arthur Gotthold Pfeiffer who was a widower since 1969. It was at their home that Valdis suddenly died on April 17th 1975. She was 74 years old. Arthur died 16 years later.

Valdis is buried at Centennial Park Cemetery in Adelaide, the burial being registered in her maiden name, Rogers. Although Valdis had no contact from her family after the divorce, death notices in the Adelaide newspaper indicate that when she died she had a loving partner and good friends that would miss her.

9 Brigalow Ave Blackwood S.A.  - Version 2

The house in Blackwood where Valdis lived when she died in 1975 

Source: Smallacombe Real Estate